Basic spanish vocabulary and conversations

 

 

Dining Spanish Travel Vocabulary

 

el agua — water
el almuerzo — lunch
el aperitivo — appetizer
el arroz — rice
asado — roasted
el azúcar — sugar
la bebida — drink
¡Buen provecho!Bon appétit! Enjoy your meal!
el bistec — beefsteak, other type of steak
el bocadillo, el sándwich — sandwich
el café — coffee
caliente — hot (temperature) or warm
el camarero, la camarera — server
la carne — meat
el carnero — mutton
la carne de vaca — beef
la carne de ternera — veal
la cena — supper, evening meal
comer — to eat
la comida — meal
la cuchara — spoon
el cuchillo — knife
la cuenta — the bill
el desayunobreakfast
a la dieta, sin calorias — diet (adjective)
la ensalada — salad
los entremeses — hors d'oeuvres
los frijoles — beans
frío cool or cold
frito — fried
la fruta — fruit
la gaseosa — soda pop
el hielo — ice
al horno — baked
el huevo — egg
la lechemilk
los mariscosseafood
el mozo, la moza — server
el menú — menu

el pan — bread
a la parrilla — grilled
el palillo — toothpick
los palillos chinos — chopsticks
la papa, la patata — potato
el pescado — fish
el pollochicken
la propina — tip
el postre — dessert
picante — spicy hot
el queso — cheese
el refresco — cool drink
el restauranterestaurant
el rosbifroast beef
la sal — salt
la salsa — sauce, gravy
la sopa — soup
el té — tea
el tenedor — fork
el vegetal, la verdura — vegetable, plant
el vegetariano, la vegetariana — vegetarian

 

Usage notes

El agua: Agua is a feminine noun, although el is used before it in the singular form. The plural is las aguas. If you're concerned about clean water, ask ¿Es purificada el agua?.

Pescado/pez: When a fish is still in the water, it is referred to as a pez; once it's out of the water, it's pescado. The easy way to remember is that pescado is the past participle for "to fish," so the word also means "fished."

Tacos: As almost anyone who has traveled in a foreign country is aware, what you expect when ordering a familiar ethnic food isn't necessary what you get. The word taco is the same in English and Spanish, for example. But while many U.S. residents, for example, think of a taco as something made of beef, cheese, and lettuce in a baked corn shell, in Mexico a taco can be just about anything rolled into a tortilla — chicken, beef, tripe, chopped liver, you name it. After all, the word taco is used primarily to mean a wad, plug, or stopper. So taco when referring to food came to mean a wad of food thrown into a tortilla. What people in the United States know as tacos is just one regional variation of a popular food.

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